Everest Expedition South Col
Everest Expedition South Col. (8848 M.)58 Nights/ 59 Days
Mount Everest Expedition is challenging mountaineering peak towering in the Nepal China border. Mt. Everest, the highest mountain on Earth also known as Nepali Sagarmatha 'Sky Mother' and Chomolungma in Tibetan straddles the border of these two nations. First official measurement was conducted in 1856 during the Great Trigonometric survey of British India. Known then as peak XV was certified at 8840m. With a simple technology and the distance from the mountain, the height was determined with really phenomenal accuracy and only 8m off from current value of 8848m. The name Everest was chosen to honour British Surveyor General of India Sir George Everest. Tibet and Nepal were closed to foreigners, so it is reasonable to assume that local names of the mountain were unknown. It was lucky that the tallest mountain was not named after an unaccomplished politician or a royal.
Everest is a climbing pinnacle to everyone from accomplished climber to an inexperienced but wealthy tourist being taken to the summit for a substantial fee by a professional mountain guide with a team of climbing Sherpa guides. The climbing royalty fee of U$25,000 forms a substantial source of tourist revenue for the government of Nepal, for whom Himalayas are a substantial natural resource. The Chinese royalty is lower than Nepalese but the climb from Nepal via Khumbu icefall is extremely spectacular.
Most of the mountaineers have their dream to reach the summit of Everest in their life time. For many who are mainly trekkers are contended having the good view of it from Kalapatthar, Gokyo Ri or visiting Everest base camp. For many mountaineers successful Everest expedition is the ultimate goal of climbing in Himalayas of Nepal. Everest expedition via the South Col remains the most popular choice among the mountaineers as it gives the most assured means of reaching the top. Time spent over 8000m. is less in the approach to the summit on the south side as the summit is attempted in one push. Furthermore the south route has a good record of success due to the easy access of the route once it is opened by the first summiteers of the season.
There are two commercial routes on Everest, south route via Southeast Ridge from Nepal and via North Ridge from Tibet. The popular Everest base camp trail is followed to reach the base camp for the Everest expedition. A short walk along the moraine leads to the icefall with large sera’s and cracks which is considered one of the obstacles for the expedition. Each year, experienced Sherpas fix this section with ropes and ladders which makes easier for the climbers to cross this section to reach Camp 1. The terrain is gradual climb to reach the Camp 2 near the top of the Western Cwm. From here climbing on mixed snow and ice leades way up the Lhotse Face to Camp 3. From the camp 3 climbing on moderate mixed snow and rocks is not easy which leads to South Col. the Camp 4. The route steepens after ascending snow slopes to reach the crest of the South East Ridge and easy climbing and then again steep clmbing leads to the South Summit. A short traverse to the Hillary Step and then climbing on short, steep rock and snow groove of notorious Hillary Step leads to the final easy ridge to the summit.
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